NorthStar Genetics Floury Leafy Corn Hybrids are Bred for your Cows not your Combine
Breeding For Silage
Roughly 8% of North American corn acres are grown for silage. Ideal corn silage harvest occurs when the crop has reached 65% moisture and 50% kernel milk line. During this harvest window, the whole plant is cut low to the ground and is chopped into small pieces before being compacted into a silo or bunker. Then the corn is ensiled and mixed into a TMR and fed to dairy cows for a season or more. Given this process, an ideal silage hybrid must satisfy an entirely different set of parameters than a grain hybrid. It must have a high total plant yield of digestible starch and fiber, a long harvest window in which the plant dries to the appropriate moisture and remains there for an extended period, adequate sugars to promote fermentation, and a relatively short storage period to save on space and reduce dry matter losses. Ultimately, a corn silage hybrid must produce a reliable high-yielding, fermentable crop that when fed to lactating cows promotes healthy and efficient rumination that is conducive to the production of a high quantity of high quality milk and beef.
913S is an early maturing silage-specific corn type that produces an ear with highly digestible starch and improved fiber digestibility. It contains the recessive opaque-1 gene in one parent of the cross. When self-pollinated, 75% of kernels on the ear are silage-specific and 25% are completely floury.913S has been bred for total plant silage performance and never for grain characteristics.
Named after the Leafy gene that produces a distinctive plant with 8 or more leaves above the ear, 932S and 961S produce big yields of digestible fiber and starch. Ears are composed of large, slow-drying kernels. They contain the recessive opaque-1 gene in one parent of the cross. When self-pollinated, 75% of their kernels are silage-specific, and 25% are completely floury.
928S has all the benefits of a Floury Leafy with the addition of more digestible starch. It has the opaque-1 gene in both parents of the cross. In your field, 928S will produce ears with 100% floury kernels for maximum starch digestibility.
Benefits of Floury Starch
Small Particle Size – Floury kernels fracture easily into small particles during silage chopping, allowing for a longer chop length (3⁄4”recommended) and a short minimum storage period of 30 days. After chewing, the starch is readily available to the animal.
High Energy Starch – The small starch particles offer more surface area to rumen bugs for a boost in digestibility.
Long Rumen Retention – Floury starch particles may be more buoyant in the rumen and float to stay in the rumen mat for an extended digestion period.
Ration-Type Adaptability – Our Floury Hybrids are versatile. They can be balanced into various ration types to meet the nutritional needs of any cow group.
High Quality Milk – Floury Hybrids have an increased potential to produce milk with high fat content. They do not require heavy kernel processing during harvest to reduce starch particle size, so fiber particles can remain large enough to act as effective fiber. This promotes normal rumination and saliva production, which plays an important role in protection from acidosis and increases milk fat content.
Longer Harvest Window
Staygreen trait stays moist in 60-70% for longer.
“We silaged our 20 acres of 913s on a separate pile for 2 weeks (last week of October and first week of November).
We took our regular corn silage out and switched to 913S. No other changes and cows went up 20 kg butterfat per pickup (642kg) and dropped back of to their normal level (622kg) after we switched back to regular silage. Silage test results where roughly the same for both silage types
20 kg butterfat increase every other day is around $200-$250 extra profit. On roughly 5 ton silage per day $100 extra profit over 5 ton is $20 per ton silage extra return over regular silage so we seeded 120 acres this year.”